where is karnak located?
karnak temple is the largest temple in the world and the largest religious building ever made. it is location at ”Thebes” Luxor city. Karnak temple known as the temple of Amun, it was called lpet-isu or “the most select of place” in middle kingdom, also know as Pr-lmn or “House of Amon” and it dates back to 2055 BC to around 100 ADit built over 2000 years.
What the Temple consists of
Karnak temple consists of a group of temples, largest space of them and the center of the temple it covers sixty-one acres belongs to Amun-Ra, the male god of Thebes, we can see in the south of the central area his wife the goddess Mut. and more other temples like the temple of khonso, the temple of Ptah, the lpt temple, of Osiris and temple of month.
karnak temple wasn’t only for gods but also the Egyptian rulers who wish to be memorized added their own architectural mark to it over the centuries, from the beginning of the Old Kingdom, New Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
An avenue of ram-headed Sphinx leads to the first pylon. ram head symbolizing to god Amun, there are 20 arms on each side, it was built to protect the temple. The first pylon is the main entrance to the temple and the last building at karnak.
Great Court is 100m in length and 80m in wide it contains ten papyrus columns every column is 21m height. now only one column still stand in known as a kiosk of Taharqa who was the fourth king of the 25 Dynasty. there is the statue of Ramesses ll it shows the king stand to wear the double crown of upper and lower Egypt, at his feet found his wife princes.
The Great Hypostyle Hall:-
The Great Hypostyle Hall is the most amazing building at Karnak. it 103m in length and 25m in width, it consists of 134 gigantic stone columns, there are largest 12 columns are 24m in height and 3.5m in diameter, other 122 columns are 12m height. it built by king seti who ruled from 1290 to 1279 B.C. The outer walls of northern wing describe Seti’s battle. The south wall inscribed with Ramesses ll’s peace treaty with the Hittites.
A 120m by 77m Karnak Temple Secret Lake make make it largest of it’s kind. Tuthmosis lll(1473-1458 B.C) dug it. it was used by priests for purification and other rituals like navigation, it was the home of sacred geese of Amun. it lined with stone and provided with stairways descending into the water. We can find the storeroom and home of priests surrounded the lake.
Karnak Temple is one of the most important attractions in Egypt, where is a lot of tourists around the world come to visit it, so if prefer to visit this historical monument and the other archaeological sites in Egypt you can check our luxury Egypt tours and choose your journey to Egypt, or other option you can enjoy it’s Nile cruise tour between Luxor and Aswan which is the most adventurous experience to do in Egypt.